The LLDB Debugger

Testing LLDB

The LLDB test suite consists of Python scripts located under the test directory. Each script contains a number of test cases and is usually accompanied by a C (C++, ObjC, etc.) source file. Each test first compiles the source file and then uses LLDB to debug the resulting executable. The tests verify both the LLDB command line interface and the scripting API.

Running tests

Running the full test suite

Windows Note: In the examples that follow, any invocations of python should be replaced with python_d, the debug interpreter, when running the test suite against a debug version of LLDB.

The easiest way to run the LLDB test suite is to use the check-lldb build target. By default, the check-lldb target builds the test programs with the same compiler that was used to build LLDB. To build the tests with a different compiler, you can set the LLDB_TEST_COMPILER CMake variable. It is possible to customize the architecture of the test binaries and compiler used by appending -A and -C options respectively to the CMake variable LLDB_TEST_USER_ARGS. For example, to test LLDB against 32-bit binaries built with a custom version of clang, do:


> cmake -DLLDB_TEST_ARGS="-A i386 -C /path/to/custom/clang" -G Ninja
> ninja check-lldb

Note that multiple -A and -C flags can be specified to LLDB_TEST_USER_ARGS.

Note that on NetBSD you must export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$PWD/lib in your environment. This is due to lack of the $ORIGIN linker feature.

Running a specific test or set of tests

In addition to running all the LLDB test suites with the "check-lldb" CMake target above, it is possible to run individual LLDB tests. For example, to run the test cases defined in TestInferiorCrashing.py, run:


> cd $lldb/test
> python dotest.py --executable <path-to-lldb> -p TestInferiorCrashing.py ../packages/Python/lldbsuite/test

If the test is not specified by name (e.g. if you leave the -p argument off), LLDB will run all tests in that directory:


> python dotest.py --executable <path-to-lldb> functionalities/data-formatter

Many more options that are available. To see a list of all of them, run:

> python dotest.py -h

The dotest.py script runs tests in parallel by default. To disable the parallel test running feature, use the --no-multiprocess flag. The number of concurrent tests is controlled by the LLDB_TEST_THREADS environment variable or the --threads command line parameter. The default value is the number of CPU cores on your system.

The parallel test running feature will handle an additional --test-subdir SUBDIR arg. When specified, SUBDIR is relative to the root test directory and will limit all parallel test running to that subdirectory's tree of tests.

The parallel test runner will run all tests within a given directory serially, but will run multiple directories concurrently. Thus, as a test writer, we provide serialized test run semantics within a directory. Note child directories are considered entirely separate, so two child directories could be running in parallel with a parent directory.

Running the test-suite remotely

Running the test-suite remotely is similar to the process of running a local test suite, but there are two things to have in mind:

  • You must have the lldb-server running on the remote system, ready to accept multiple connections. For more information on how to setup remote debugging see the Remote debugging page.
  • You must tell the test-suite how to connect to the remote system. This is achieved using the --platform-name, --platform-url and --platform-working-dir parameters to dotest.py. These parameters correspond to the platform select and platform connect LLDB commands. You will usually also need to specify the compiler and architecture for the remote system.

Currently, running the remote test suite is supported only with dotest.py (or dosep.py with a single thread), but we expect this issue to be addressed in the near future.

Debugging test failures

Non-Windows platforms

On non-Windows platforms, you can use the -d option to dotest.py which will cause the script to wait for a while until a debugger is attached.

Windows

On Windows, it is strongly recommended to use Python Tools for Visual Studio for debugging test failures. It can seamlessly step between native and managed code, which is very helpful when you need to step through the test itself, and then into the LLDB code that backs the operations the test is performing. A quick guide to getting started with PTVS is as follows:

  • Install PTVS
  • Create a Visual Studio Project for the Python code.
    • Go to File -> New -> Project -> Python -> From Existing Python Code.
    • Choose llvm/tools/lldb as the directory containing the Python code.
    • When asked where to save the .pyproj file, choose the folder llvm/tools/lldb/pyproj. This is a special folder that is ignored by the .gitignore file, since it is not checked in.
  • Set test/dotest.py as the startup file
  • Make sure there is a Python Environment installed for your distribution. For example, if you installed Python to C:\Python35, PTVS needs to know that this is the interpreter you want to use for running the test suite.
    • Go to Tools -> Options -> Python Tools -> Environment Options
    • Click Add Environment, and enter Python 3.5 Debug for the name. Fill out the values correctly.
  • Configure the project to use this debug interpreter.
    • Right click the Project node in Solution Explorer
    • In the General tab, Make sure Python 3.5 Debug is the selected Interpreter.
    • In Debug/Search Paths, enter the path to your ninja/lib/site-packages directory.
    • In Debug/Environment Variables, enter
      VCINSTALLDIR=C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio 14.0\VC\
    • If you want to enabled mixed mode debugging, check Enable native code debugging (this slows down debugging, so enable it only on an as-needed basis.)
  • Set the command line for the test suite to run.
    • Right click the project in solution explorer and choose the Debug tab.
    • Enter the arguments to dotest.py. Note you must add --no-multiprocess
    • Example command options:
      # quiet mode
      -q
      --arch=i686
      # Path to debug lldb.exe
      --executable D:/src/llvmbuild/ninja/bin/lldb.exe
      # Directory to store log files
      -s D:/src/llvmbuild/ninja/lldb-test-traces
      -u CXXFLAGS -u CFLAGS
      # If a test crashes, show JIT debugging dialog.
      --enable-crash-dialog
      # Path to release clang.exe
      -C d:\src\llvmbuild\ninja_release\bin\clang.exe
      # Path to the particular test you want to debug.
      -p TestPaths.py
      # Root of test tree
      D:\src\llvm\tools\lldb\packages\Python\lldbsuite\test
      # Required in order to be able to debug the test.
      --no-multiprocess
    • As copy-pastable command line:
      -q --arch=i686 --executable D:/src/llvmbuild/ninja/bin/lldb.exe -s D:/src/llvmbuild/ninja/lldb-test-traces -u CXXFLAGS -u CFLAGS --enable-crash-dialog -C d:\src\llvmbuild\ninja_release\bin\clang.exe -p TestPaths.py D:\src\llvm\tools\lldb\packages\Python\lldbsuite\test --no-multiprocess